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Brief History of bhakkar

Bhakkar District

It is located at 31°37’60N 71°4’0E at an elevation of 159 meters and lies on the left bank of the Indus river.

Bhakkar is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. This district was established in 1982 after slicing the area from Mianwali. Bhakkar is situated between the Indus River and Chenab. Its area consists of a riverine tract along the Indus, called Kaccha, and most of the district area lies in the desolate plain of the Thal desert. The district is of semi rectangular shape and mostly consists of sandy land. The total area of the district is 8153 kilometers. It is 134 kilometers long from North to South and 60 kilometers wide from East to West.

District Bhakkar has four Tehsil.

1.    Tehsil Bhakkar

2.    Tehsil Darya Khan

3.    Tehsil Kallur Kot

4.    Tehsil Mankera

Language

Saraiki is main language of people .Urdu and Punjabi are next to Saraiki language

Demography

Bhakkar is now a bustling town, Bhakkar city has a population of almost 300,000 (apex.), the total population of the district was estimated to be 1.37 million in 2008. Population of the district was 1,391,729 in 2011.

History

Bhakkar region was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The KambojasDaradasKaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Chiniot region was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalities and Shahi Kingdoms.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

The town has some historical places like Dilkusha Bagh which is believed to be a Mughal era garden and is attached to Humayun; but historical facts do not verify it. Humayun never came here. On his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan. But this path or route taken was rejected by Major Henry Raverty as the possible retreat of Humayun.

The old town was walled and had gates as Tavela gate and Imamanwala gate. The only remaining gate Jinnah Gate (formerly King Gate) was built in British period in the name of Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner. There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be burial place of Bakhar Khan, the founder of the city. The present police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago, a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant.

This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (1735-1747 AD) from the Afsharid dynasty, it is an Indian type minted during his occupation of the area. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157 AH.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Bhakkar district. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule. The British took over Bhakkar District in 1848.

During British rule, the district was a Tehsil of Mianwali District, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 119,219 which had risen to 125,803 at the 1901 census. In addition to the headquarters Bhakkar (population, 5,312), the tehsil contained and 196 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to Rs 1.7 lakhs. Places of interest are Mankera and Muhammad Rajan, at the latter of which is the shrine of Pir Muhammad Rajan, who died there on a pilgrimage.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority HindusSikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Bhakkar District.

The main city center is consist of Mandi Town, King gate (markets and shopping centers), Chimni Muhalla (the oldest area in Bhakkar city), Iron Market, Gulshan-e-Madina Town, Officers Colony, Iqbal Town (old name Housing scheme 1) (Farrukh Hasan), Canal Avenue, new developed Green Town, Dhandla Muhalla, Gadola, and Aalam Abad. The adjacent city area Mandi Town is the developed area of the city with entire facilities. The population of city area mostly speaks Saraiki, Urdu and Punjabi. The business in the city is major source of income for the population and mostly business activities are connected with capital of PunjabLahore.

Independence

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Bhakkar District.

Traditional-Crafts

Traditional craft is making of mats and other house-hold products from wild grasses like kai and kunder which also provides livelihood to a large number of families.

Specialties

Bhakkar famous souvenir was Karna oil, which was extracted from karna flower which is also Exported to Middle East.

Industry

Sugar Mill "Fecto Sugar Mills Limited., Darya Khan

Agriculture

Major crops of district Bhakkar are Wheat, Grams, Cotton and Sugarcane. Main fruits are Citrus, Mango, Guava and Dates while vegetables are Turnip, Onion, Tomato and Carrot.

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